From November 16-23, 2011, ILAC conducted a pre-assessment mission to Libya. William Meyer, Chair of ILAC, and Agneta Johansson, ILAC’s Deputy Director, accompanied representatives of the Arab Organisation for Human Rights (AOHR) on a combined fact-finding and training mission to Libya in the immediate aftermath of the hostilities. Working with AOHR and representatives of Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR) (both organizations are ILAC members), ILAC travelled throughout northwestern and central Libya to meet with representatives of the judiciary, prosecutions, Bar and civil society, as well as the interim leaders of various revolutionary councils.
The ILAC report on the Pre-Assessment Mission to Libya is available here (pdf).
The full report of the Independent Civil Society Fact Finding Mission to Libya can be downloaded here.
The assessment team recommended to ILAC Council that ILAC and its member organisations immediately begin engaging the Libyan legal community concerning rule of law development and reform priorities and as the first step the team recommended to immediately convene a conference of Libyan legal professionals and civil society actors to outline their rule of law priorities together with ILAC members who are interested in contributing their expertize to the rule of law development in Libya. Such a conference was organised together with ILAC member American Bar Association – Rule of Law Initiative (ABA ROLI) and was held in Tunisia in February 2012.
The Conference Report “Libya Rule of Law Priorities” can be downloaded here.
Subsequently, in January 2013, a delegation composed of experts selected from ILAC’s member organisations carried out a needs assessment related to rule of law and the justice system in Libya. The team examined the needs of the justice sector, the demands likely to be imposed on it in the context of Libya’s ongoing transition to democracy, and ways in which support might be provided in overcoming these challenges. In parallel with the assessment mission, human rights training courses for Libyan judges, prosecutors, police officers, lawyers, and civil society activists were held by the ILAC member organisations Palestinian Center for Human Rights (PCHR) and Arab Organisation for Human Rights (AOHR).
The full resulting Assessment Report was published in May 2013 and can be downloaded here.
In the lead up to the publication of the Assessment Report, ILAC remained active in discussions of the rule of law in Libya. Libya program manager Rhodri C. Williams attended an expert meeting on “(Re-)Building Sustainable Institutions for the Rule of Law in Conflict-affected Countries” at the Hague Institute for Global Justice in late March, was quoted in an article on Libya in the Swedish broadsheet Svenska Dagbladet in early April, and discussed rule of law issues in the MENA region at a seminar in Stockholm held by the Folke Bernadotte Academy and the Swedish Institute of International Affairs. ILAC Chair William Meyer also attended a UNDP conference in Tripoli on “Access to Justice for All in Transitional Libya” and a subsequent workshop on “Legal Profession Reforms – The Role of Lawyers in Transitional Libya and Beyond” from 22-25 April.